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What is metal, and how it works?

To answer the question, "What is metal and how it works?" we have to know about the different types of metal and what properties they possess. All metals are combinations of several other substances, including: 

  • Oxygen
  • Nitrogen
  • Carbon etc.

Made-Up of:

So in short, the metal can be made from one of the following elements, which are usually presented as an alloy or mixture of these:

  • iron
  • steel
  • aluminum
  • titanium
  • zinc
  • copper
  • tin
  • cobalt
  • mercury

Formation of Metal through Traditional Method:

Alloys are formed using a different types of methods. The most common type is melting and then creating metal from various base materials using either hot or cold water. After the metal is formed, the alloy cools and hardens. It is the traditional method of forming alloys, and it produces the highest quality results.

Non-Traditional Method:

Metal is usually formed using the same basic processes. Still, due to the different types of alloys available, there are several other ways to create alloys apart from the traditional method. You may choose to use alternative heat-rolling, g

ravity casting, direct metal alloys, and hybrid alloys in your designs.


Metal-working is the art and science of forming materials into usable objects. Metal-working techniques include:

  • metal casting
  • press brakes 
  • die-cutting
  • lathe work
  • machining

The process of metal-working may involve a large amount of force measured in pounds or kilograms, and it is often accompanied by some heat insulation such as an enclosed area. 

Metal-Working Tools:

The most common metal-working tools are:

  • Pliers
  • Saws
  • wire cutters
  • gloves
  • goggles
  • apron covers

Properties of metals:

These are just some of the known types of metals, but there are some that have yet to be discovered. The properties of metalwork depend on all these elements. 

Physical Properties:

These include: 

  • heat conduction
  • electrical conductivity
  • machinability (ability to be formed into a form)
  • resistance to corrosion
  • Resistance to action
  • Some metalwork types include casting, welding, forging, bending, turning, sawing, cutting, forming, pressing, drilling, pulley, and a whole lot more.
  • Steel alloys are used to create the most common types of metal. These alloys are often mixed with nonmetals like aluminum or tin to develop more substantial materials.


  • Metals have various products due to their varying properties. Alloys are among the most common types of metalwork used today. Alloys can be divided further into two main categories alloy:
  1. Alloys 
  2. Non-Alloys

 Among the various alloys, the most popular ones are:

  • iron and steel
  • nickel alloys
  • copper alloy
  • tin alloys
  • aluminum alloys
  • iron alloys

As the alloys are made of different metals, they possess other inherent properties that determine how they may be used.

In addition, the alloys can be transformed into different shapes. This property of the metals makes them ideal for varied purposes. 

Transformation of Metal into Different Shapes:   

To transform the metal into the desired shapes, various chemical reactions are undergone. Hence, these alloys undergo: 

  • corrosion resistance, tensile strength, electrical conductivity, mechanical strength, and many others. 
  • Some alloys are used for aerospace, some for construction, and others for cosmetic purposes.

Disadvantages of metals:

  • All metals are susceptible to corrosion and hence susceptible to the damage caused by saltwater. 
  • Corrosion is not the only way by which metal can be harmed. Sometimes, extreme heat can also damage it. 
  • Each metal is subject to unique corrosion attacks; hence, there are various types of metalwork.
  • Fabrication Error.
  • Very high costs and low availability.
  • Metal as compared to others are more expensive.

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